Eventually, even great cities fall. This can either happen due to natural disasters or war.
Hidden beneath the waves lies ancient cities yet to be fully explored. Some have been researched and continue to baffle archeologists while others remain mysterious in origin.
Many of these discoveries, in fact, are rewriting history as we know it. Places thought to be fiction are proven to be true as other inspire new myths of creation. Because of their underwater location, most of these sights are only accessible to scuba divers, making them not only remote but irresistibly enticing.
Who knows, perhaps one day the great cities we know today might fall and be rediscovered on the ocean floor, generating curiosity and rewriting a not-so-distant past.
1. Lion City of Quiandao Lake, China
Lion City, which got its names from the Five Lion Mountains nearby, has been underwater for over 50 years. It was founded about 1,300 years ago during the Eastern Han dynasty and is about the size of 60 football fields. It boasts stunning architecture and detailed craftsmanship, enchanting tourists by its sheer majesty.The site submerged after intentional flooding by the construction of a dam and now lies at the bottom of Thousand Island Lake.
2. Cleopatra’s Palace, Alexandria, Egypt
Believed to have been the home of Cleopatra, this palace lies off the shores of Alexandria. It was taken by the sea after an unfortunate earthquake over 15 centuries ago and was recently discovered. Alongside the ruins, archaeologists think they have found the temple of Isis, uncovering and documenting 140 artifacts from the site. Between the temple and the palace, there might very well be the tomb of Cleopatra, which would make for an exciting diving destination once the site is open to the public!
3. Palvopetri, Greece
Discovered by Nicholas Flemming over 50 years ago as scattered buildings among debris, Cambridge University had since mapped the site as a full city.
Not only are there roads and buildings, but Archaeologists have also found lost tombs dating back to around 3000 BCE. The area was known as Palvotetri, which is now the name of an island and beach nearby.
4.The Pyramids of Yonaguni-Jima, Japan
Yonaguni was discovered 30 years ago by a dive tour operator. The site houses not only a large-scale pyramid, but also buildings resembling a castle, a stadium and five temples. It rises 250 feet from the sea floor and is still somewhat of a mystery. Some experts believe it might be a natural occurrence while other believe it was man made, seeing as the buildings appear to be connected by road-like pathways. Interestingly, these stunning structures have been dated to 10,000 BCE and could possibly hold important information regarding Japanese history .
5. Dwarka, Gulf of Cambay, India
There is a well-aged myth that Lord Krishna had an awe-inspiring city of 70,000 palaces made of gold, silver and other metals. The city thrived in his living, but after Lord Krishna’s death, the city fell and sunk into the sea. This myth was proven to be possibly true in 2000 after these ruins were discovered. They are located about 130 feet under the surface of the sea, right in the bay of the modern-day city of Dwarka, one of the oldest cities in India. Some of the artifacts uncovered here have been dated back to 7500 BCE, proving that it may very well be Lord Krishna’s mythical city.
6. Port Royal, Jamaica
Long ago, Port Royal was a wicked city of prostitutes, pirates and sinful activity. Karma came around in June of 1692 when a powerful 7.5 earthquake shook Jamaica and sucked Port Royal underwater, killing over 2000 citizens.
Jamaicans believed it a supernatural event in retribution for all the sins being committed within city limits. Archaeologist, however, have been fearlessly exploring the site and continue to find near-perfect artifacts from the old city.