There are a number of animals most people have no idea they exist. However, no one can be blamed for this, since there are over 1 million identified animal species, and to top that off, the figure is just 1% of all the animals that have ever existed on the earth surface.
Knowing all of them is quite a daunting task.
1. Pink Fairy Armadillo
This animal is the smallest member of the Armadillo family and is indigenous to central Argentina. It is adapted to desert conditions. It has a dorsal shell and is a nocturnal animal. It feeds on worms, insects, snails and other plant parts.
Where to see one: Sandy plains in central Argentina.
This is the world’s largest nocturnal primate that has characteristic round eyes and rodent-like teeth. It has an interesting mode of feeding, which involves tapping on the barks of trees to find out if grubs are present, then boring holes to reach to the grubs. They are only found in Madagascar.
Where to see one: Northeastern forests along with those on the East coast of Madagascar.
3. The Maned Wolf
This animal can easily be mistaken for a fox, but it isn’t one. It is about 3 feet tall and has long ears. Maned wolves feed on both plants and animals. The height makes them the tallest among the canid family. They are found in Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay.
Where to see one: Open forests, savanna and marshland in Brazil, Paraguay, eastern Bolivia, and northern Argentina.
4. Tufted Deer
This animal species has received its name from the tufts of black hair. It lives in mountainous areas with heights greater than 4500 meters above the sea level. Presence of protruded canines is perhaps the most striking feature. It is mainly found in China.
Where to see one: Northeast Burma (Myanmar) and southern and central China.
5. Dumbo Octopus
This an animal that lives in extreme depths of over 10,000 feet below sea level. Dumbo Octopuses are quite small, and occasionally swim over the ocean floor looking for food. They feed on worms, snails and crustaceans. They have an average lifespan of four years. They are located in Papua New Guinea, Philippines, New Zealand and Australia.
Where to see one: Papua New Guinea, Philippines, New Zealand and Australia.
6. Irrawaddy Dolphin
This species of dolphins is found in Southern and South-eastern Asia. It has close genetic resemblance to the Killer Whale. Irrawaddy Dolphins are very unique as compared to all other dolphins, in that their shape is very different. They feed on fish and crustaceans.
Where to see one: Discontinuous subpopulations near sea coasts and in estuaries and rivers in parts of the Bay of Bengal and Southeast Asia.
7. The Gerenuk
Gerenuks are antelope species with a long necks and are found in the horn of Africa. They have a small head and large eyes. The fact that they are able to survive in arid conditions is necessitated by their ability not to drink water. They instead get water from the leaves they eat. They are generally browsers, and feed on tender shoots more often than not.
Where to see one: Plains of Tanzania and desserts of Kenya.
This marine animal is located in a number of regions of the Pacific Ocean. It is herbivorous, and is closely related to the sea-cow. It prefers regions with mangrove trees, where it is hidden from plain sight and can still feed on sea-grass.
Where to see one: Warm coastal waters from the western Pacific Ocean to the eastern coast of Africa.
9. The Babirusa
The Babirusa is native to Indonesia, and is also called the pig-dear. Babirusas are omnivorous animals and eat almost everything. The canine teeth the males possess grow almost all through their lifetime, can even grow back into the skull.
Where to see one: Near the island of Sulawesi.
10. Superb Bird of Paradise
The superb bird of paradise is one very peculiar species known specifically for its bizarre courtship processes. This is as a result of the low female population, and hence the males have to fight for a chance at them. It is located in the rainforest of New Guinea.
Where to see one: New Guinea.
11. Blob Fish
This deep sea fish is found off the coasts of Australia and New Zealand. It survives at depths of 600 to 1100 meters under the sea. It lacks muscles, and the relatively low density it has enables it to float above the floor of the sea without having to swim. It has been ranked as the world’s ugliest animal.
Where to find one: Deep waters off the coasts of mainland Australia and Tasmania, as well as the waters of New Zealand.
12. Star-Nosed Mole
This animal is found in Canada and North-Eastern parts of The United States. The ultra-sensitive projections function as touch organs, and act like hands, with over 25000.
Where to find one: Northeastern US and Southeastern Canada.
13. Cantor’s Giant Softshell Turtle
This is a species of fresh-water turtles, and can grow up to 2 meters in length. These animals are carnivorous, and feed on crustaceans and snails. They respire through the lungs, and have to swim to the surface of the water twice daily to take in oxygen. They are found in a number of countries, including China, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines and Cambodia.
Where to see one: River swamps, estuaries, and mudflats of several Asian Countries.
The Jerboa’s habitat ranges from China to the western parts of Asia. It is a rodent species that can survive in temperate deserts. It is nocturnal, and feeds on roots, tubers, insects and seeds.
Where to find one: Gobi Desert.
15. Japanese Spider Crab
This is the world’s biggest crab, and can survive for up to 100 years. It is found off the coast of Japan in the Pacific Ocean. The legs can be as long as 3.8 meters, and the total weight is close to 20 kilos. It is omnivorous, and can sometimes be a scavenger.
Where to find one: Southern coasts of the Japanese island of Honshū, from Tokyo Bay to Kagoshima Prefecture.