It is really heartbreaking that people in the 21st century still have to be told the importance of wildlife and the significance of their survival.
There are a couple of countries whose wildlife, if left unprotected, will lead to their extinction within no time. The ever growing of human population is among the factors that lead to the intentional harm caused by individuals and corporations.
Here is a list of countries with species that faces the imminent danger of extinction. With the numbers growing each year.
Tanzania: 416 Species
With moorlands, woodlands, forests and savannahs that provide shelter to many unique creatures, Tanzania is definitely one of the most bio-diverse and exotic environment.
However, Black Rhinos, monkeys, and other animals are being killed in the hundreds. Poaching is the main contributing factor to the decline of animal population in the area.
The World Wildlife Fund is doing all they can to help control this, but the citizens themselves should be made aware of the consequences and impact to the environment from such activities.
Philippine: 456 Species
Philippine has natural rainforests covering most of the country with a wide array of wildlife.
However, due to the increase of unlawful logging at an alarming rate, the forest cover is reducing by the day, which threatens the habitat of very delicate species of animals.
In fact, the forests have reduced by over 90 percent due to the illegal logging. Endangered species include but are not limited to the following: Philippine eagle, spotted deer, fresh-water crocodile, tamaraw and the Philippine tarsier.
Cameroon: 484 Species
Cameroon is home to some unique species that are found nowhere else in the universe.
Exploitation of bush-meat and timber are among the factors aggravating wildlife population decline.
Foreign firms are illegally logging timber from the forests there, putting the animals’ habitats at risk. Poaching is also another great problem there. Despite that, wildlife sanctuaries have been designated, and some of the endangered animals are being kept there.
Peru: 208 Species
Peru contains the second largest percentage of the Amazon rainforest. It has a wide range of biodiversity, and harbors 25 000 species of plants and 2 000 fish species.
These figures amount to 10 percent of the world’s total in both categories. A total of 222 bird species are endangered, with 31 facing immediate extinction.
The Andean mountain cat is among the many animals facing disappearance. The Andean Condor is also on the list, but in this case, the danger of total annihilation is more imminent due to their low prolificacy. The key reason behind this is habitat loss, and it should be dealt with.
Madagascar: 530 Species
Almost 75 percent of the species exists uniquely in Madagascar. 92 percent of its mammals are exclusive to the country.
Furthermore, from 1999 to 2010, 615 new species were discovered. That shows just how bio-diverse the country is, and this is attributed to the rainforests, dry forests, and deserts it has.
The Silky Sifaka, one of the most rare lemurs, is also found here. Despite that, animals are dying by the hundreds every year. Many organizations including the World Wildlife Fund are trying to salvage what is left, but it might already be too late for some of the species there.
India: 552 Species
According to research, India’s list of endangered animals has doubled in two years from 2010 to 2012.
India has a unique collection of marine animals, but it is sad that these animals are being threatened by pollution and overfishing. On the other hand, growing human population is threatening land animals. Among these animals are the Asiatic Lion and the Sumatran Rhino.
Columbia: 593 Species
The creatures in Columbia are one of the most sensitive ones in the world. A little disturbance causes a lot of harm, and a lot of disturbance is taking place there.
Forests are being destroyed at an alarming rate. Toucans, ocelots, parrots, tamarins and margay cats are some of the endangered species. Although several bodies have been put up to counter the effects, it may be a matter of too little, too late. Illegal drug production is what propagates this vice; animals are packaged in boxes used to transport illegal drugs, and placed on illegal flights.
Australia: 621 Species
Australia has a sizable number of animals that are considered critically endangered. A major contributing factor to this is the reduction in habitat.
Some of these animals include the pygmy possum, woylie and hairy-nosed wombats. It is important to note that 29 animal species in Australia have become extinct over the last 200 years. Now you can understand the weight of the matter.
Brazil: 697 Species
This is a country that has taken a huge blow as far as animal endangerment is concerned. In fact, the country was planning on cloning some of the endangered species to ensure their continuity.
From the sea turtle, to the jaguar, close to 700 animal species are in danger.
Mexico: 748 Species
A tenth of all land animals in the world are found in Mexico. A lot of these animals are endangered, and the government is trying all it can to curb the trend. A variety of jaguars, monkeys and bears are almost extinct.
The next step that should be taken ASAP is to educate the citizen on the importance of the survival to these species, to make sure they take care of their wildlife.
China: 773 Species
China is one country that has made a lot of effort in trying to protect its wildlife. It has gone as far as placing over 8 percent of its land under Federal Reserve.
This has greatly reduced the population decline of these animals, but much more has to be done. The rapidly growing population in the region is a huge contribution to the problem, and if unchecked, will lead to further destruction of animal habitats.
Indonesia: 833 Species
The Sumatran elephant is among the most endangered species in this area. Sumatran tigers and rhinos follow consecutively.
They are losing their habitat due to illegal logging. Indonesia has a couple of rainforests that are home to huge number of animals. Orangutans are another very important species that also needs protection in the area.
Malaysia: 892 Species
Malaysia is home to 1500 land animals, most of which are facing the danger of being extinct. These include turtles, tigers, rhinos and elephants.
It is majorly composed of rainforests, which are home to a large number of animals.
United States: 1,143 Species
Sincerely speaking, United States should not be on this list. They however are, probably because of the rapid population growth.
The rate at which the population depletes natural resources is alarming, and the effects it has on nature is disturbing. The country was once home to millions of animals, most of which have already became extinct.
The cougar and wolf are among the animals headed to the same pit hole. Ecologists are trying to reclaim some of the land and planting trees to increase the forest cover once again.
Ecuador: 2,588 Species
Over 2500 species of animals are facing danger of extinction. The Andean bear, the only bear of its kind in South America for instance, has only 3000 remaining individuals.
A major contributing factor to this is erosion in the highland areas of this country, due to deforestation. The percentage of arid land is said to have increased by 31% in 25 years.
It is imperative that the flora and fauna of this country to be preserved, or else, the place will be a desert in the years to come.
All that being said, we need to take it upon ourselves to ensure that our future is secure, or else we will end up suffering. Nature is not that forgiving.